1875-1890 December 1, 1875- By order of the Turkish government, the Armenian market district at Van is destroyed by fire with great loss to Armenian property, goods, and businesses.
February 19, 1878- Russia victorious in Russo-Turkish War of 1877-1878. Russo-Turkish Treaty of San Stefano provides for protection and reforms for Armenians.
June 1878- The resulting Congress of Berlin replaces the protective measures of San Stefano under Article 16 with unsatisfactory and ineffective provisions for Armenian people under Article 61, and returns Garin (Erzerum) to Turkey. Russia retains Kars and Ardahan.
1879- Armenian performances are forbidden in Constantinople. The urban Armenian population of Garin and Arabkir come out against the government.
August 1880- By special order of the Turkish government, the word "Armenia" is forbidden for use in official documents.
June 1884- Armenians "rebel" in Zeitun against oppressive Turkish taxes.
1886- The Turkish government divides Western Armenia administratively into separate vilayets of Erzerum, Garin, Kharput, Diarbekir, Dersim, Bitlis, Van, Hekyari and Sivas.
1888- The Turkish government orders that all Armenian periodicals and magazines in Constantinople and Western Armenia be discontinued.
June 15, 1890- An Armenian demonstration in the district of Gum-Gapu in Constantinople is drowned in Armenian blood.
June 18-20, 1890- Alleging provocative actions by Armenians, Turkish armed forces and Turkish mobs attack Armenians in Garin (Erzerum). Hundreds of Armenians are killed.